A Brief History of Iquitos Peru

Jul 28, 2018


Welcome to Aventuras Naturales, your ultimate guide to travel and tourism in Iquitos, Peru. In this comprehensive guide, we invite you to delve into the captivating history of this remarkable city. Situated in the heart of the Amazon rainforest, Iquitos boasts a vibrant past that has shaped its unique culture and identity.

Early History

The history of Iquitos dates back centuries, with traces of human settlements found in the region that can be traced as far back as 10,000 BC. The indigenous tribes, such as the Maynas and Iquito, inhabited this area long before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors. These tribes had a deep connection with the natural surroundings, relying on the abundance of resources provided by the Amazon river and rainforest.

It wasn't until the mid-18th century that Iquitos began to emerge as a significant settlement. During the rubber boom in the late 19th century, the city experienced rapid growth, attracting entrepreneurs and pioneers from around the world. Immigrants from Europe, Asia, and Africa arrived in Iquitos, contributing to the cultural diversity that remains prevalent in the city today.

The Rubber Boom

The rubber boom era marked a significant period in the history of Iquitos. Rubber, extracted from the vast rubber trees in the surrounding rainforest, became a highly sought-after commodity, transforming the city into one of the wealthiest in South America.

During this time, magnificent mansions and extravagant buildings were constructed, reflecting the affluence and opulence of the rubber barons. The architectural legacy from this era can still be seen in the historic district of Iquitos, with its intricate details and unique blend of styles.

The decline and resurgence

By the early 20th century, the rubber industry faced decline due to competition and the loss of the Amazon's monopoly on rubber production. Iquitos experienced a period of economic decline, and many of the rubber barons left the city in search of new opportunities.

However, in recent decades, Iquitos has witnessed a resurgence. The city has become a popular tourist destination, attracting adventurers and nature enthusiasts from all over the world. Its proximity to the Amazon rainforest, along with its rich cultural heritage, makes it a truly unique and captivating place to visit.

Exploring Iquitos Today

Today, Iquitos is a bustling city that offers a gateway to the wonders of the Amazon rainforest. Visitors can immerse themselves in the vibrant local markets, sample delicious Peruvian cuisine, and embark on awe-inspiring jungle expeditions.

Aventuras Naturales is your trusted partner in exploring the wonders of Iquitos. Whether you're seeking a thrilling adventure or a tranquil escape, our expert guides will ensure an unforgettable experience that connects you with both the history and natural beauty of this remarkable city.


In conclusion, Iquitos, Peru, is a city with a rich and diverse history that has shaped its unique character. From its indigenous roots to the rubber boom era, the city has witnessed highs and lows, ultimately emerging as a captivating destination for travelers around the world.

Join Aventuras Naturales on a journey through time and explore the enchanting past of Iquitos. Let us guide you through the vibrant streets, lush rainforests, and hidden gems of this remarkable city. Embark on an adventure of a lifetime and create memories that will last forever.

Dan Thorman
Fascinating journey through Iquitos!
Oct 4, 2023